The Many Dimensions of 3D
My uncle showed up at family graduation party last year with a 4-inch, plastic bust of himself. While we chatted over dinner, he quietly took the mini- self from his jacket and placed it near the table
centerpiece. One by one, we noticed the figurine and one by
one remarked that it looked exactly like him. He waited until
everyone was duly amazed to tell us that he had his picture
taken at a 3D shop in New York and they made this bust from
the photo. Immediately, everyone had to hold it, take a closer
look, and ask where they could get one. Who would guess that
our first up close look at 3D printing would be from a man in his late 80s?
Beyond the novelty industry, real innovation is taking place in the 3D printing (a.k.a.
additive manufacturing) arena. According to SME (Society of Manufacturing Engineers;
www.sme.org), companies in a wide variety of industries are using additive manufacturing
to achieve: shorter lead times, mass customization, reduced parts count, more complex
shapes, on-demand production, reduced material waste, and lower lifecycle energy use.
Not just plastic
Thermoplastic polymers and blended composites can produce items that are durable
and stable over time. This means that they are not only used to model a part but can
also be the part. They have so far been the mainstay of 3D-printed objects.
Metal alloys have also come into play. Titanium when heated and applied in layers
is being used to create components or the whole for a wide variety of products from
bike frames to car parts and much more. Bio-compatible cobalt-chrome alloy has
been used to make knee implants. Ceramics are also part of the mix—creating items
from ceramic powders used in powder-based 3D printers.
In orbit and in the flesh
In June 2014, Lockheed Martin put out a list of “The Top Ten Things You Didn’t Know
You Could Print.” Among the items such as human tissue, artwork, prosthetics, and chocolate, they noted that they used 3D-printed parts in the making of the Juno spacecraft that
is on its way to Jupiter (arriving July 2016). Lockheed Martin plans to continue expanding the process in the future to include complex parts and maybe even full satellites.
It’s an exciting technology that is attracting interest and innovation. With such a
wide array of uses, it may only be a brief time before 3D-printed items, in whole or
as a component part, will be commonplace.
While it feels relatively safe to put this new technology in space, putting it in
the human body poses questions of toxicity. It’s been noted that the FDA has been
behind the curve in addressing the use of 3D printing in medical devices and pharmaceutical processes. To this end, they have announced a free public workshop on
October 8 – 9, 2014 (FDA White Oak Campus in Silver Spring, Md.). For those
interested in participating, the FDA is looking for discussion on “technical assessments that should be considered for additively manufactured devices to provide a
transparent evaluation process for future submissions.”
Patrice Galvin, Editorial Director
email@example.com • 973-920-7652
MaryBeth DiDonna, Managing Editor
firstname.lastname@example.org • 973-920-7045
Press Releases: CEeditors@viconmedia.com
EDI TORIAL ADVISOR Y BOARD
Charles W. Berndt, C. W. Berndt Associates Ltd.
Adam Giandomenico, President, Particles Plus Inc.
Scott Mackler, Cleanroom Consulting LLC
Gregg A. Mosley, Biotest Laboratories Inc.
Robert Nightingale, Cleanroom Garments
Bipin Parekh, Ph. D., Entegris Inc.
Michael Rataj, Aramark Cleanroom Services
Howard Siegerman, Ph.D., Siegerman and Associates LLC
Scott Sutton, Ph.D., Microbiology Network Inc.
Art Vellutato, Jr., Veltek Associates Inc.
Bob Vermillion, CPP/Fellow, RMV Technology Group LLC
AR T AND PRODUC TION
Deb Jorgensen, Art Director
email@example.com • 973-920-7119
Deb Wawzyanick, Production Manager
firstname.lastname@example.org • 973-920-7148
Alice Scofield, Ad Traffic Manager
email@example.com • 973-920-7661
WEB SPECIALIS T
firstname.lastname@example.org • 973-920-7052
Liz Vickers, Group Publisher
email@example.com • 631-241-6161
Luann Kulbashian, Associate Publisher/Sales Director
firstname.lastname@example.org • 603-249-9424
AUDIENCE DEVELOPMEN T
Michael Bennett, Director
email@example.com • 973-920-7025
Harvey Swaine, Manager
firstname.lastname@example.org • 973-920-7096
For reprints and permissions, contact
Brad Hairhoger of YGS Group at:
800-501-9571 x128 or email@example.com
LIS T RENTALS
Infogroup Targeting Solutions
Bart Piccirillo, Senior Account Manager • 402-836-6283
Michael Costantino, Senior Account Manager • 402-863-6266
CUS TOMER SERVICE
For subscription related matters contact
Omeda Customer Service: 847-559-7560 or firstname.lastname@example.org
EXECUTIVE, EDITORIAL, and PRODUC TION OFFICES
ADVAN TAGE BUSINESS MEDIA
100 Enterprise Drive, Suite 600, Rockaway, NJ 07866-0912
Phone: 973-920-7000 • Fax: 973-920-7541
Terry Freeburg, Chief Operating Officer/Chief Financial Officer
Tom Lynch, Vice President
Susanne Foulds, Vice President, Human Resources
Controlled Environments Magazine®
VICON BUSINESS MEDIA, INC.
A subsidiary of Advantage Business Media, LLC
199 Route 101, Bldg. #7 • PO Box 779 • Amherst, NH 03031